Intensive Applied Field Geophysics Workshop

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) Applications


Rapoltu Mare, Hunedoara County,

Transylvania, Romania

Session 1: June 13 - June 19, 2021

Session 2: June 20 - June 26, 2021

Session 3: July 11 - July 17, 2021

Session 4: July 18 - July 24, 2021

Session 5: August 1 - August 7, 2021


​​Room and Board


Logistics and Housing


            Our project aims at exploring the area situated along the mures River, in the immediat vicinity of the Imperial Roman road linking Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana to Apulum, via Germisara.

          We house everyone in double occupancy rooms in village homes. Every house is equipped with bathrooms. You will be guests of Romanian families and will have a chance to discover the true sense of old fashion Transylvanian hospitality. You will experience some of the nicest aspects of Eastern European country life, indulging in your guest families home made cookies and a variety of  home made traditional  beverages.      
          The housing and excavation conditions are very safe. There are several fully equipped hospitals and stores near by. Generally speaking, you will have all the advantages of a country life with all the comfort of an urban environment.




          Breakfast, lunch and dinner are included in the fees for the entire session (Mon-Sat) and we will have them with the rest of our team in our dining hall at our archaeological base.  Beware that Romanian cuisine is generally meat oriented, but we can accommodate vegetarian diets.

          There are several small stores around where you can purchase fresh cheese, various meat products, garden vegetables, bread, drinks, etc. In Simeria, a city about 10km away, you can find restaurants, pizzerias and supermarkets.


Project Fees


Costs: US$1195 per each 5-day session

Team size: maximum 3 participants per session per GPR system


         The fee is for each full 5 (five) day (Mon-Fri) session. Because each session is limited to only 3 (three) participants per GPR system, we require a clear commitment from each applicant before a spot on the project is assigned, As a result, the project fees are not refundable.

         The project fees include registration fees, full room and board for the duration of each session as described above, site access, museum clearance, local transportation to sites when needed, all field equipment, reading materials and lectures, field and lab training. All houses have bathrooms and hot water showers. Usually, we expect the entire project fee to be paid in full within 21 days after being accepted to the program.

          The registration cost does not include the trip to and from Romania. If you arrive at the pre-established times, someone will wait for you at the train station in Simeria (Hunedoara County, Romania) and drive you to your guest home. Participants must arrange their own travel and health insurance.

           At the present time, no entry visa is required for Romania for up to 12 weeks for EU, US, Canadian, Australian and New Zealand citizens.

          If quarantine is required on arrival due to the COVID-19 pandemic, it is strictly the responsibility of the participant to fulfill all the conditions required by law by the host country. We can make the arrangements for a 14 day quarantine (which includes airport pick-up, full room an board) for an additional US$650.


Getting There: Travel and Safety


          In light of recent global events, questions of safety are on everyone’s mind. Romania is safe and Transylvania as a whole is very safe. In terms of the pandemic, the situation is under control overall, and our prophylactic measures ensure that our projects are safe for both participants and hosts.

          Otherwise, most crimes in Romania take the form of petty theft or corruption. Very few violent crimes have occurred in the country. Most of the problems and crimes that are exposed in the media: poverty, gypsy problems, street kids, etc., – happen south of the Carpathian Mountains, mainly in Bucharest and Craiova.

          There is no terrorist threat whatsoever in regards to Romania. Romania is a country with the lowest terrorism risk in the world - for references, check: Global Terrorism Index (, and associated reference map (, as well as  Global Peace Index ( Also, have a look at the Department of State specific Romania page for more information: . Statistically speaking, as far as crime (and terrorist threats) are concerned, you will be safer in Transylvania than in any major city in the US (for reference on comparative crime rates, see Also, the current migrants/refugees are really not interested in Romania (poor social safety net and low average salaries) and Romania is only accepting a symbolic number of refugees. Since Romania was one of the last countries to join the EU, it still has active borders and it controls transit in and out of the country.

          We strongly recommend you land directly in Sibiu and we will pick you up at the appointed time at the airport reducing significantly the risk of infection. Using public transport in Romania will increase exponentially the risk of being exposed to COVID-19.

         We have co-opted an US based travel agent, who has an extensive knowledge of our programs' logistics, schedules and travel requirements. He is not only able to get you a very good price on flights, but also is able to offer full refund CFAR (Cancel for any Reason) insurance on the plane tickets and European health insurance that includes COVID-19 related issues. We include his contact details with the registration package.

          In terms travel arrangements, I urge you exercise caution, as almost all listed flights from the US to Europe do not exist. Flights through Italy and Portugal are especially problematic. Right now, there are a lot of flights that are in the $250-$350 range that go through Rome or Lisbon, but they are all ghost flights and organized in such a way that you would not be able to get cancellation insurance. At the same time, you should currently avoid any flights that would have a layover in Turkey, Ukraine, Russia or North Africa, as they have become dangerously unreliable. I would recommend avoiding as well layovers in Spain, Greece, potentially Poland. The least surprises (and most promptly fixed otherwise) came from flights through the Netherlands (KLM), France (Air France), Switzerland (Swiss Air), Austria (Austrian), and Germany (Lufthansa) - and their respective US affiliates. The UK (British Air) was also a good option, but COVID-19 is still wreaking havoc there, hence the presence of uncomfortable uncertainties. The travel agent will know more on that subject and can help each of you, individually, sort out all of this based on your location and travel plans, removing much of the uncertainty factor.

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          Our base is located in the center of Hunedoara County, a region of great historical significance in Transylvania.  The locality of Rapolt itself is surrounding by a number of important cultural sites that students are encouraged to visit.  Because of the short duration and the very small number of participants in each session, we can't offer any tours. However, we strongly encourage you to take a couple of days before or after the project to explore the region.

          The Roman (and modern) bath complex of Germisara (now Geoagiu Bai) which was once a hub of Roman social life is now a popular tourist destination as well, and is only a few bus stops from Rapolt.  The nearby fortresses of the Iron Age Dacians at Costesti/Blidaru and Piatra Rosie are some of the best preserved examples of Dacian military defenses here in the heartland of the Dacian Empire.  The political, religious and economic capital of Hunedoara County, Deva, is easily accessible, home to the Deva History Museum, our collaborative partner and repository for all projects finds.  The hilltop Deva Castle dominates the city center, and accessible by stair or cable car.  Beautiful orthodox churches, restaurants, pubs and shops abound as well.

          The two ancient capitals of Free and Roman Dacia, Sarmizegetusa Regia and Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana, are also located in Hunedoara County.  The ancient Dacian sanctuary and fortress complex of Sarmizegetusa Regia has long been a national icon of Romanian identiry.  The royal capital of the Dacian people, its temples and fortified acropolis are located high in the Orastie Mountains.

          The Roman procuratorial and gubernatorial seat at Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Traiana has been excavated and studied for almost a century, and much of the foundations of the monumental city forum and surrounding temples and amphitheater have been exposed and reconstructed.  Artifactual finds from previous excavations are on display on site at the Sarmizegetusa Museum. 

          The adjacent transportation hub of Simeria affords students easy access to further destinations.  Hunedoara is home to the famous Corvin Castle, first home of Matthias Corvin.  It is one of the best preserved private castles in Europe, an archetype of every castle in every movie ever made!

          Alba Julia, the original capital of the unified modern Romania and one of the oldest continually occupied sites in Romania, is only a short train ride away.  The city center still boasts its massive late medieval defensive walls, built in the shape of concentric seven pointed stars, now both an open air museum and the center of local nightlife.  Within the walls students will find one of the largest historical museums in Transylvania, some of the largest and oldest Orthodox and Catholic cathedrals, and a vibrant culinary and social scene.

        For more involved excursions, Simeria offers access to the famous medieval Transylvanian cities of Brasov and Sighisoara (Dracula’s birthplace), Cluj and Sibiu.