Juvenile Osteology Research Workshop
(Bioarchaeology of Children)
Medieval Crisis Populations - Victims of Change
Our Juvenile Osteology Research Workshop is the natural continuation of the Adult Osteology Workshop. With the collapse of the southeastern European frontier in front of the Ottoman Turks after the European armies were defeated in 1526 at the battle of Mohacs. In the wake of fall of the Kingdom of Hungary, the Principality of Transylvania was born as an autonomous political entity in 1570. Shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683 and following the Tartar invasion of 1660, Transylvania was annexed by the Habsbourgs.
The aim of this project is to evaluate to what extent and how these major political events impacte physically local populations, especially the children. During the 2013 season of our Osteology Workshops we uncovered a very interesting and unique phenomenon: during the 17th century, the inside of the churches in the region of Odorheiu Secuiesc, in the heart of Transylvania (Romania), was dedicated to infant burials. Our initial study of the church in Teleac/Telekfakva showed one adult, 69 juveniles out of which 48 were of preterm or fetal age.
During the next stage of the project, started in 2014, we started to address how the health of the children in the various cohorts, ranging from preterm to preadult, varies in this period of crisis. The very good preservation of the medieval osteological material and the high quality of the recovery during excavation provides a unique opportunity for a very intensive hands-on experience while working with juvenile osteological remains.
This laboratory workshop session is intended for students with some previous osteological experience. Knowledge, both theoretical and practical, of the human anatomy and morphology is highly recommended. The aim of this workshop is to provide participants with an intensive review of juvenile osteology and an overview of the ways in which this kind of unique information is interpreted by bioarchaeologists. During the workshop, participants will have the chance to study the growth and development of the human skeleton across various juvenile age cohorts. Most importantly, participants will have the opportunity to gain experience with the analysis of juvenile skeletal remains.
In addition to hands-on laboratory instruction, participants will also contribute to numerous seminar discussions and hear lectures on topics related to the bioarchaeology of children. The workshop comprises daily intensive lectures on infant anatomy and pathology, group discussions, laboratory work, bone restoration and analysis, leading to individual and group research projects and presentations as part of the Seventh International Osteology and Bioarchaeology Student Colloquium in Odorheiu Secuiesc. Topical areas to be included involve the following subject areas: an overview of the bioarchaeology of children, growth and development, weaning and dietary stress, juvenile trauma and pathology, and reconstruction and interpretation of infant mortality. Moreover, seminars and lectures will introduce how novel technological applications (i.e., histology, CT imaging) have been utilized by bioarchaeologists who study juvenile remains.
Students that wish to expand their skills and experience in the field can register for a 4 week (June 2 - June 29, 2019) session of the Medieval Cemetery Funerary Excavation immediately preceding the Juvenile Osteology Workshop. Note that this program requires previous experience in human anatomy and osteology, such as our Adult Osteology Research Laboratory Workshop or equivalent.
Location: Odorheiu Secuiesc, Hatghita County, Transylvania, Romania
Dates: July 5 August 1, 2020
Housing: housed in a beautifully renovated hotel, 2-3 participants per room, with private bathrooms
Meals: breakfast and dinner is served Mon-Fri at the hotel; traditional Romanian and Szekler cuisine; we can accommodate vegetarian diets
Cost: US$ 2495 (4 weeks mandatory) - fees do not include tuition
Fee includes: registration and lab fees, lectures, access to study collections, laboratory gear, housing and meals as described above.
Academic Credit: 3 or 6 undergraduate (graduate - if applicable) credits can be earned through University of South Florida - additional USF tuition fees apply. See USF Program Brochure for more information. USF procedures and deadlines apply. Contact Dr. Jonathan Bethard at USF for more details.